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Black Metal as Philosophy (of Religion)?

Posted in: Dialectic,General by Tom Beaudoin on December 15, 2009

My lack of posts the past week has to do with winding down the end of the term here at Fordham. Classes are now concluded, and I am left only with papers to mark, spring courses to plan, and a bit of research and writing to accomplish before we head back in mid-January. I am back in the mood for R&T posts.

And what a time to re-engage! I read in this morning’s New York Times a report by Ben Ratliff of a conference here in NYC over the weekend that I wish I had known about in advance, an academic-musical gathering focused on ‘black metal’, and from the looks of it, there was some theologically interesting material presented. It had the delicious name “Hideous Gnosis,” and was a mix of academics and musicians (and no doubt musician-academics and academic-musicians) who gathered to explore the intellectual heft of that typically dour and nature-mystical genre called ‘black metal’, with (so it seems) a particular focus on the religio-philosophical atmosphere, significance, and implications of the music.

Indeed, as Ratliff suggests, “Despite what black-metal musicians might proclaim[,] their work is basically philosophy. It is theoretical, a grid for looking at life, with ancient roots. It could use a critical apparatus, and though the afternoon’s many citings of Continental philosophers like Lacan, Derrida and Bataille might have seemed ludicrously distant to the practice of black metal, such writings relate to the subgenre’s big subjects: death and time.”

This is an interesting way to construe the relation that academic philosophy (of religion, or for that matter, philosophical theology) might have to music (raising questions about what is meant by philosophy as theory and whether black metal already has a critical apparatus within it, not to mention why the Continental tradition — and all three figures mentioned are implicated in varying degrees in the “religious turn” in Continental thought — seems such a good match for this music), but clearly I need to read the papers to get more details. The program and more can be found at the Black Metal Theory site.


For what it’s worth, I have never found this form of music personally compelling, though I have been fascinated by the lyrics, the theatrics, the fan culture. And despite my attempt to foster a thoroughgoing curiosity about rock culture, a curiosity that sometimes must be sustained in face of what can appear banal, demeaning, and at the limit dangerous (the same could be said of much of Christian theological culture), I confess a deep discomfort and aversion to some of black metal’s symbolic world, such as women on crosses during live shows (as in Gorgoroth live, here). I say this not only as a theologian, but also as the father of a young girl. I am open to learning how musicians and fans make sense of this, but will need to be convinced that this is something other than a new stage in the history of rock’s misogyny.

Here at Rock and Theology, we have not engaged ‘black metal’ (does the very term need a racial exploration and critique?); it would be good to do so.

Tom Beaudoin

New York City, New York, United States


  1. Hideous Gnosis volume now published:

    Details here:

    Comment by NM — February 10, 2010 @ 1:02 pm

  2. congrats on your insightful overview! i myself was intrigued by the philosophy and practices of black metal bands (over a dozen years ago) and only over the last 4 years have gotten into the music. I think the philosophical angle is a good one to pursue, since you have numerous “events” church fires, murders, suicides and betrayals (to show the intrusion of banality). This flurry of activity dwarfs grunge which had only two big events: the ascendancy and demise. Black metal was a movement which was propounded philosophically and musically at the same time. Interviews with Euronymous reveal a genuine, moderately thought out, engagement with moral dialectics, one which strangely echoes sartre’s book on genet. varg’s interviews are partial exercises on an imprecisely nietzschean worldview. and lastly, these days we find fenriz fully embracing the outdoors, loving music and extolling its virtues like a mystic. in a sense we have an inverse or “unholy” trinity.
    lastly, continental philosophy is a good start but the work of alain badiou is mandatory for a teleological resolution or even an analytical sense of denotation.
    good article!

    Comment by happy casualty — March 8, 2010 @ 4:46 am

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